Plum Tree

[note: ancestors in my direct line of descent are indicated by Bold print.]

The Plums & Jacobs

Roes & Plums 1927

Roes & Plums 1927

Mom’s mother was the daughter of 1a.Samuel J. Roe (1862-1947) and 1.Laverna (Vernee) Plum (1876-1929), one of 12 children. Laverna (Vernee) Plum was the daughter of 2. James Henry Plum (1843-1916), who was a Union soldier in many significant battles of the Civil War, and 2a.Mary C. Plum (last name unknown, yet sources say Plum was her maiden name; 1844-1909). Vernee was also one of 12 children. The Plums and Jacob(s)’s families lived in WV from 1863 (when WV became a state). Prior to 1863, the families were born and lived in Virginia and/or Maryland. James H. Plum’s parents were 3.James Mason Plumb (1798-1869) and 3a.Deborah Snider (1807-1913), one of 10 children. James Mason Plumb’s parents were 4.John William Plumb (1765-1808) and 4a.Sara Elisa Jacobs (1767-1820)—my 4th great grandparents (5th ggp’s for my nieces & nephews). John William Plumb and Sara Elisa Jacobs had 7 children.  [In the 1927 picture, the tall man in the back row (2nd adult from right) is Samuel Roe.]

My 4th ggm, 4a.Sarah Elisa Jacobs, was b. 1767 in VA, daughter of 5.Jacob Jacobs and 5a.Hannah Johnson (1740-1803). Jacob Jacobs was born 1730 in Harrison Co, VA and lived there or in Monongalia Co, VA until his death 3 March 1803. Jacob and Hannah had 8 children and he had at least two others w/another woman. His parents were 6.Zachariah Jacobs and 6a.Susannah Howard (1716-1773). Zachariah Jacob(s), my 6th ggf, was born 17 Dec 1714 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel Co, MD and died there in Dec 1761. Zachariah and Susannah had 12 children!

Zachariah Jacobs’ parents were 7.John Jacob, Jr. and 7a.Mary Swanson (1687-1722); they had 8 children. After Mary’s death, John Jacob, Jr. married Alice Cheney Jones (1696-1740) but they had no children. John Jacob, Jr., my 7th ggf, was born in 1676 on the South River Hundred (a tobacco plantation), Anne Arundel Co, MD and died there 12 May 1740. He was the son of 8.John Jacob, Sr. (sometimes called Captain Jacob, for his service in the Colonial Militia), a carpenter and wealthy tobacco planter who had come to Maryland as an indentured servant. Senior was born 28 Dec 1628 in Dover, Kent, England, and was baptized at the Church of St. James in Kent (so he was an Anglican Church member; in America, these are called Episcopalians). He and his wife 8a.Anne Cheney had 12 children; she was the daughter of a wealthy tobacco planter and only 14-15 when she married John Jacob, who was 46 at the time. His parents were 9.Sir John Jacob II (1588-1645) and 9a.Alice Golder (1595-1633), his father was a prominent gentleman in Kent who died during the Battle of Bristol in Somersetshire, England. Sir John was the son of another 10.Sir John Jacob (1560-1627) and 10a.Joan Lucas (1574-1591), and the grandson of 11.Robert Jacob, who was a mariner, a merchant, and a jurate (a judge, my 11th ggf).

Returning to our 1st immigrant 8.John Jacob, Sr. and my 8th ggf (born in Dover, Kent, ENG, 28 Dec 1628), little is known of his early life in England, but I’m uncovering quite a bit about him once he landed in America. In 1681 8.JOHN JACOB, Sr. (aka CAPTAIN JOHN JACOB), married 8a.Anne Cheney, daughter of 9.Richard & Charity Cheyney, Sr.wealthy South River neighbors. The baptism of Anne was evidently neglected, for in the early records of All Hallows Parish appears the following: “Anne the wife of John Jacob Sr. was baptized July 6, 1720.” [AHR 300], d. late Apr 1730, buried 1 May 1730 [AHR 110].

Origins–Some researchers claim that Jacobs was a Jewish name, but Newman and others argue that Jacob is an old English line and descendants in the US sometimes added an ‘s.’ When John Jacob appraised the estate of Simon Fine in 1699, he used a ‘Flying Eagle’ seal. The Jacob family of Kent, ENG used ‘Or on a quarter gules, an eagle displayed on the field. Crest: A lion rampant or, supporting a cross buttonee of fiches gules.’ That heraldic connection helps verify John Jacob, Sr.’s identity.

Capt. John Jacob, Sr. was an officer of Colonial Forces, and a prominent and prosperous man in that section of Maryland. His will and those of his sons are on file in Annapolis. John Jacob, the pioneer, was a member of the Established Church of England and transferred his faith to many of his descendants. The early records of the Episcopal parishes of Anne Arundel and Prince George’s counties contain numerous names of births, baptisms, and marriages of the Jacobs.

JOHN JACOB, SR. may have been transported into MD as an indentured servant by James Warner, AA, MD & John served Warner for 9 yrs. When he made a claim for a grant of crown lands in Maryland, John Jacob’s proof of land rights says: “John Jacob. . . proved his Right to . . . land for his time of Service performed in this Province to James Warner 9 years since.” (2 Dec 1674).Warner d. before 25 May 1674, when his will, witnessed by John Jacob, was in probate. Nine yrs was unheard of for a term of indenture; generally it was 5 yrs:

“The Servants, or working people, Puritans and Quakers from VA. These worked for their employer for a specified term (at least 4 yr, afterwards raised to 5 yrs for adults, with longer terms for minors) after which they became Freemen, had votes and were eligible for office. At the expiration of their term, their employers were bound to give each a piece of land, farming tools, clothes, etc. according to what was known as the ‘custom of the country.'” (ESM).

Perhaps, John Jacobs had finished his indenture 9 yrs previously, having served the usual 5 yrs, suggesting his arrival in MD abt 1660. He remained near Warner, establishing himself as a paid craftsman (a carpenter) and acquiring land so that he could marry. John Jacob, Sr. signed his name w/his initials using the Old English “J” which looked like an “I” w/a line thru the center w/his seal. Following are records of his activities (using the haphazard misspellings of the original documents:

13 Feb 1673–John “JJ” Jacobe his mark, witnessed the will of James Warner, AA, MD

2 Dec 1674–“2d December 1674 Came John Jacob of Ann Arundell County and proved his right to 50 acres of Land for his time of Service performed in this province to James Warner 9 yrs since. Warrant then granted the said John Jacob for 50 acres of Land due to him for his time of Service performed in this province. Cert. retur the 2d of March next.”

1 Mar 1674/5–“To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come I RICHARD CHENEY the Elder of South River in Ann Arundell County in the province of Maryland planter do send Greeting in our Lord God Everlasting KNOW YEE that whereas the right honable Cecillius absolute Lord & Proprietary of the province of MD afsd Lord Baron of Baltimore the sd province for Granting of Land & there bearing date at St. Marys the 19th day of May in the 32d yr of his LordShipps Dominion over the said province Anno Dm 1663 did for the Considerations therein Men[t]ioned Grant unto me the sd Richard Cheney my heires & assigns by the name of Richard Cheney all that parcell of Land called Cheneys Resolution lying on the South side of the South River beginning at a marked oak in the SE side of this 300 acres of Land last surveyed…containing & laid out for 400 Acres more or less… Now Know yee that I the sd Richard Cheney for & in consideration of the Naturall Love & fatherly affection I have & do beare unto my beloved Son in Law JOHN JACOB & to my daughter ANNE the now wife of the said John of South River in Ann Arundell County afd planter…& by & with the Consent of of [sic]…my wife a parte or parcell of the afd 400 A. of land which said land beginns at a bounded Redd Oak in William Hyams [sic] his Line…Containing by Estemation 100 A. more or less…” /s/ Richd (T) Cheney. Wit: Nath Heathcott, Alexr. Humphrey. (re-recorded 19 Mar 1706, AA Co. Land Records, Liber IH#1, ff. 47-9). Anne survived her husband nearly four years. She died in the spring of 1730 and was buried from the parish church on the first day of May.

A year later he was granted 50 acres on South River bordering a creek, later called “Jacob’s Creek.” In addition to these grants from the King of England, he bought other large tracts and became a tobacco planter. It may have been the same John Jacob who signed a receipt for 6 rolls of tobacco, one bear skin and 5 raccoon skins “to sell the Dutch Plantation or Boston or to be delivered to Mr. Henry Payne of Boston: dated 25 May 1652, and presented to the Court in the Estate trial of Thomas Hill of Kent, Maryland.”

(At that time his cousin Sir John Jacob was at the head of the tobacco business in England, and Lloyd in his Memoirs of Eminent People, who suffered for their loyalty, says, “the worshipful Sir John Jacob, a man ever ready to assist his Majesty, declared ‘What! Shall I keep my estate and see the King want? If it please God to bless the king, though I give him all I have, I can be no longer.'” The Crown owed him more than 200,000 pounds, which it could not pay, but the King created him a Baronet in 1665. This Baronetcy continued to the fifth Baronet, Sir Clement Brydnes Jacob, who died without issue in 1790, now in abeyance. The American Jacob(s)’s would remain true to America when later generations took part in the Revolutionary War).

20 Apr 1679–John Jacob, Richard Cheiney, Jr. & Richard Cheiny, Sr. served as Jurors, AA, MD (MA)

9 Jan 1685–“THIS INDENTURE…between Richard Chenie Senr. of Ann Arundell County in the province of MD planter & Eliner his wife…and John Jacobs of the same county & province planter…witnesseth that the sd Richard Chenie & Elener his wife as well for & in consideration of 7000 lbs of Tob[acc]o…paid by the said John Jacobs…have Given Granted Bargained Sold aliened transferd Enfeoffed & Confirmed…unto the sd John Jacobs…all that Tract & Parcell of land called Chenies Resolution beginning at a bounded Chestnut Tree Standing by John Jacobs Spring Branch at the mouth of the Branch running SSE…to a bounded ash Tree standing in John Cabin branch in the NE line of the pattent then SW…to a bounded tree of the pattent to a white oak by a Swamp then NW…to a redd oak from the Said oak ENE with the said Jacobs land to a bounded Hickory then ESE to a bounded Chestnut standing by the Spring Branch then bounding on the Spring Branch on the S side of the Branch to the 1st bounded Chestnut Containing & Laid out for 100 A more or less together with all Dwelling houses Mesuages Bildings Barnes Stables Gardens Orchards outhouses profitts Comoditys Advantages & appurtinances whatsoever…” /s/ Rid. (J) Chenery, Senr. /s/ Elinor (E) Cheney. Wit: Henry Bonner. Elinor Cheney released her dower before AA Co. Justices John Hamond & Henry Ridgeley (re-recorded 19 Mar 1706, after Courthouse Fire).

May & July 1697–John Jacob mentioned as one of the members of the Grand Jury (MA), so he was either a justice or a member of the Grand Jury of the Provincial Court. He and 23 others signed the following: “We the Justices as well as the Grand  Jury are of the Opinion that the Work about the State House is Strong Rough Work, the Leakes in the shingling being made tite; as for the Church (St. Ann’s) what appears to Us we do think very good and well contrived if there be a quick set Hedge planted it will be better.”

1699–John Jacob appraised the estate of Simon Fine, AA Co, & when signing, used a seal w/a flying eagle (Testamentary Records, Box 12, Folder 17, Hall of Records).

1 Oct 1700–“THIS INDENTURE…BETWEEN Richard Cheeney of the County of Ann Arundll in the province of MD & providence Carpenter…and John Jacob Senr of the said county & province Carpenter…WITTNESSETH that the said Richard Cheeney for and in consideration of the Sume of ffour thousand ffour hundred pounds of good sound merchantable leafe Tobacco, to him in hand paid…Doth…Give Grant bargaine Sell allien Enfeoff and Confirme unto the said John Jacob…All that peice [sic] parcell or Tract of Land Called Jacobs Hope being parte of a part of Land Called Cheneys Adventure lying on the W side of Petuxon River in prince Georges County beginning at a bounded red Oake standing by the River side…containing and laid out for 200 A. of land…more or less…” /s/ Richd (R) Cheeney. Wit: Jno Ffreeman Richd Duckett. Mary, the wife of Richard Cheney, released her dower before AA Co. Justices Phillip Hopkins & James Sanders.

18 July 1707–John Jacobs Pasture,” mentioned; also Jacob’s Creek on S side of S River (MA).

29 Feb 1712/13–John Jacob, Sr. & Ann his wife, sold “Jacob[‘s] Hope,” in Prince George’s Co to their sons Joseph & Benjamin Jacob. /s/ John (J) Jacob, /s/ Ann (J) Jacob. Wit: Richd Duckett, Tho. (T) Cheeny, Francis Colbron.

14 May 1726–At the belated probating of the will of his father-in-law, Richard Cheyney, Sr., “John Jacob, Senr. of ye County of Ann arundell aged abt 94 Years makes Oath on Holy Evangelists of Allmighty God that on the 6th day of March Anno Dom 1675/6 [sic, will dated 1685/6] that he the said John Jacob Senr. happened to be at Coll William Burgess and See a cartain William Cocks write a Will for Richard Cheney Since Deceased and that he the sd. John Jacob Senr heard the said Richard Cheney say that he gived & bequeathed the plantation yt he then lived upon to his two Sons Thomas & Charles and See him Sign it as his last Will & Testament & that he said John Jacob saw Coll. William Burgess & William Cocks Sign the Said Will as Evidences and he the said John Jacobs Saith that he never knew of any other will made by the aforesaid Richard Cheney nor ever heard that he ever parted with his land any other Way than according to that Will above mentioned & farther Sayeth not. not. Jan. 26, 1725. Jurat Coram Nobis Samuel Chambers, John Welsh.” (TM #27, f. 290).

14 May 1726–Ann Jacob wife of John Jacob Senr aged abt 65 Yrs maketh Oath that She hath Severall Times heard her Husband Say that her father Richard Cheney had made a Will at Coll. William Burgess and that it was writ by William Burgess and he see her Father sign it as his last Will & Testament and that he see Coll. William Burgess and William Cocks sign the said Will as Evidences The said Ann further Saith that she heard her Husband John Jacob say that her Father Richard Cheney had left the Land he then lived upon to his 2 sons Thomas & Charles & ye sd. Ann farther Sayeth that she heard her Father had left her the Sum of 5 Shillings but cannot remember yt she ever received it or ever demanded it & farther Sayeth not. Jan. ye 26, 1725. Samuel Chambers, John Welsh.”

4 June 1719-Oct. 1726–John Jacob, Sr. made his last will & testament in June & it was proved in Oct 1726. He signed it “J,” and sealed it w/wax, w/the imprint of Atlas supporting the world. From time to time he had added to his estate by purchase until his death so that he was seized of a large landed estate along the South River as well as tracts in Prince George’s County.

The Children: Charity Jacob, Elizabeth Jacob, Joseph Jacob, John Jacob, Jr., Benjamin Jacob, Susannah Jacob, Anne Jacob, Richard Jacob, Thomas Jacob (buried 28 Oct 1702), Samuel Jacob. MD Archives has a will of William Jones 6 Dec 1652 that specified that a debt of 80# of tobacco was to be paid to ‘Capt. Jacob,’ & 100# to Gov. Stone.


Jacob, John, Sr., South R[iver Hundred].,A.[nne] A.[rundel] Co., [MD] 4th June, 1719; 1st Dec., 1726. To son John and hrs., 100 Acres. ——, where he now lives, with ½ the orchard adj. [on South Creek] To sons Richard and Samuel and their hrs., residue of real estate in A. A. Co. at decease of their mother; and personal estate equally. To sons Joseph and Benjamin and their hrs., 200 A. ——, Prince George’s Co., now in their poss. To daus. Elizabeth and Susannah, personalty at decease of their mother. Ex.: Wife ——. Test: Richd. Poole, Gillbird Pattison, Joseph Williams. 19, 260. MARYLAND CALENDAR OF WILLS: Volume 6.

Jacob, John, Jr., planter, A. A. Co.,16th Aug., 1726; 12th May, 1740. To son John and hrs., dwelling plantation. In event of his death without hrs. to pass to son Jeremiah and in turn to son ZachariahTo son Jeremiah, ex. and hrs., 25 A. brought from Richard Ijams, “Jacobs Lott.” To son Zachariah, 67 A. “Charles Frollick.” Shd. he die without issue, land afsd. to be divided between 3 daus. Charity, Rachel and Mary. Land not to be sold to any stranger but to remain among child. Sons to be of age at 16, daus. at 14. Overseers: Bro. Benjamin and son-in-law Richard Welch. Test: Thomas Cheeny, Richard Duckett, Aels Jones. 22. 269. MARYLAND CALENDAR OF WILLS: Volume 8.

Zachariah Jacobs was the grandson of John Jacob, Sr. and the son of John Jacob, Jr. and his name appears in numerous Maryland records. –“Number of Souls in Sugar Land Hundred. By Samuel Blackmore; Sept. 2, 1776 *  Zachariah Jacobs Age: 23.” More later

John Jacob, Sr. and his Descendants

1. Father Jacob, John , b. 17 Nov 1588, Saint Mary the Virgin, Dover, Kent County, England , d. 1645, Battle of Bristol, Somerset, England. 1a.Mother Golder, Alice , b. Abt 1595, Dover, Kent County, England , d. Aft 1633, Dover, Kent County, England. Married 18 Sep 1625 St. Mary’s Parish, Dover, Kent County, England

2. Jacob, John Sr.Born 28 Dec 1628 Dover, Kent, England. Baptism 28 Dec 1628 St James Dover, Kent. Arrival 1665 Maryland. Died 29 Oct 1726 All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel, Maryland. Married 2a. Cheney, Anne , b. 1661, All Hallow’s Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland , d. 29 Apr 1730, South River Hundred, Anne Arundel County, Maryland Married 1681 Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. Their Children: Jacob, Charity, b. 5 Jan 1681, Anne Arundel, Maryland , d. 4 May 1741, Prince George’s County, Maryland. Jacob, Elizabeth , b. 1683, South River, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , d. 27 Feb 1752, Great Marsh, Prince George’s, Maryland. Jacob, Joseph , b. 1685, South River, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , d. Jun 1773, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States.

3. Jacob, John Jr. , b. 1686, South River Hundred, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States, Married 4 Jul 1706 All Hallows, Anne Arundel, Maryland, to 3a. Mary Swanson, b. 1688, All Hallows Parish, Ann Arundel County, Maryland, United States. Mary d. 1722, All Hallows, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. John d. 12 May 1740, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. Their children: Jacob, Jeremiah , b. 28 Jun 1712, All Hallows, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States d. 10 Mar 1781, Sugar Land Hundred, Montgomery, Maryland, United States.

4. Jacob, Zachariah , b. 18 Dec 1718, All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States, Baptism 21 Feb 1719 All Hollows Parish, Anne Arundel, Maryland [7, 8]. d. 1761, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. He married in 1740 Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States 4a. Susannah Howard b. 25 Jun 1716, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , she d. 1773, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. Their children:
Jacob, Benjamin , b. 1688, South River Hundred, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , d. 1770, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. Jacob, Suzannah , b. 1690, South River, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States d. 1715. Jacob, Anne , b. 1692, Ann Arundel, Maryland, United States, d. 4 Jun 1729. Jacob, Richard , b. 30 Jan 1697, South River, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , d. 25 Jun 1779, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States. Jacob, Samuel , b. 7 Jan 1701, All Hallows Parish Church, Ann Arundel Co, Maryland, United States , d. 1713. Jacob, Thomas , b. 1702, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States , d. 29 Oct 1702, South River Hundred, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States.


Ancestry Family Trees,


Family Data Collection – Deaths, Edmund West, comp., (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.)

Harry Wright Newman, ‘Anne Arundel County Gentry’ (1933) (AACG)

“John Jacob 1686” By Jackson Day, 29 Jan 2006
John Jacob Will
John Jacob with many resources
Kent, England, Tyler Index to Parish Registers, 1538-1874,, ( This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors. Frank Watt Tyler. The Tyler Collection. Canterbury, Kent, England: The Institute of Herald).

‘Mareen Duvall of Middle Plantation’ (1952) (MDMP). ‘Heraldic Marylandiana’ (1969) (HM).

Maryland, Births and Christenings Index, 1662-1911,, Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data – “Maryland Births and Christenings, 1600?1995.”
Maryland, Births and Christenings Index, 1662-1911,, (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data – “Maryland Births and Christenings, 1600?1995.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009, 2010. Index entries derived from digital copies of original and compiled).
Maryland, Births and Christenings Index, 1662-1911,, (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data – “Maryland Births and Christenings, 1600?1995.”
Maryland, Find A Grave Index, 1788-2011,, Find A Grave.
Maryland Genealogies, Vol. II.
Maryland and Virginia Colonials: Genealogies of Some Colonial Families, Vol. I.

Maryland Records Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources: Maryland Records Colonial, Revolutionary, County, and Church from Original Sources Vol. I. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: Gaius Morcus Brumbaugh M.S. M.D.. Maryland Records Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources. Vol. I. Baltimore, MD, USA: 1915:

•Provincial Census of Prince George’s County, 31 August 1776
•Marriage Licenses issued at Upper Marleborough, Prince George’s County, 1777-1800
•Two Muster Rolls, Militia Prince George’s County, French War 1799
•Provincial Census of Frederick County, 1776
•Earliest records of Marriages and Births of All Saints’ Parish, Frederick, MD
•Tombstone Inscriptions from the Old Cemetery of All Saints’ Parish, Frederick, MD
•Poll List of Presidential Election, November1796, Frederick County, MD
•Constable’s Census of Charles County, 1775-78
•Marriage Licenses of St. Mary’s County, 1794-1864
•Provincial Census of 1776, Anne Arundel County]
‘Wills, Liber 1,’ ff. 618-9, “Liber 18, f. 128,” Hall of Records
‘Provincial Court Deeds, Liber TL#2,’ ff. 679-86, Hall of Records
‘Prince George’s County Deeds, Liber E,” f. 261.

‘Maryland Archives’ (MA)
‘All Hallows Parish Register’ (AHPR)
‘The Early History of the Eastern Shore of Virginia’ (EHESV)
Harry L. Harcom, Commissioner, Annapolis, MD, “Early Settlers of Maryland, 1634-1684,” ‘Biennial Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office July 1, 1956 to June 30, 1958,’ (ESM).

Mullikins of Maryland : an account of the descendants of James Mullikin of the western shore of Maryland,, Baker, Elizabeth Hopkins,. Mullikins of Maryland : an account of the descendants of James Mullikin of the western shore of Maryland. State College, Pa.: E.H. Baker, 1932.
Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Gale Research, ( Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2009.Original data: Filby, P. William, ed.
UK, Extracted Probate Records, ( Original data: Electronic databases created from various publications of probate records.
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, ( Source number: 24058.002; Source type: Pedigree chart; Number of Pages: 3;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 2409.047; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE , listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, ( Source number: 24035.003; Source type: Pedigree chart; Number of Pages: 4;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 24057.007; Source type: Pedigree chart; Number of Pages: 7;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 8830.726; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE.
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, ( Source number: 2409.047; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents.
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 8830.726; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 24057.007; Source type: Pedigree chart; Number of Pages: 7;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (, Source number: 2409.036; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, ( Source number: 24057.006; Source type: Pedigree chart; Number of Pages: 7;
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004). Source number: 2409.035; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents.
U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970,, (Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data – Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970. Louisville, Kentucky: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Microfilm, 508 rolls).

WV History Vol. II–History of West Virginia and the People.

   James Plum Regiment: 15th WV Infantry.

Union. Company E. Soldier’s Rank Pvt.

2.James Henry Plum was my maternal 3rd great-grandfather. He was a farmer and also fought for the Union as a soldier in the 15th WV Infantry. His wife was 2a.Mary Catherine Plum (maiden name given as Plum). After the Civil War, census returns showed that he owned his farm outright (no mortgage), and that he never learned to read or write. His wife Mary could read and write, however.

The Fifteenth Infantry was organized September, 1862, with Maxwell McCaslin, colonel; Thomas Morris, lieutenant colonel; the latter having won his advancement by meritorious conduct as captain in the Seventh West Virginia Infantry. Milton Wells was commissioned major by Governor Pierpont, October 16, 1862. Major Wells assisted in recruiting this regiment and, like Lieutenant-Colonel Morris, had seen hard service, first as a private of Company D, 27th Ohio Infantry; later was commissioned captain of the same company, serving as such with his regiment in Missouri until August, 1862, when he resigned to accept promotion in the 15th WV Infantry, rendering special service as drill master. This regiment took an active and gallant part in all the battles of the Shenandoah Valley, from the time of its organization until the last battle of Cedar Creek.

Snickers Gap

Snickers Gap

At the battle of Snicker’s Ferry, VA, July 18, 1864, Lieutenant-Colonel Morris was killed, and on August 8, 1864, Major Wells was promoted to lieutenant-colonel. September 7, 1864, Colonel McCaslin resigned his commission, when Lieutenant-Colonel Wells succeeded to the colonelcy, was in command of his regiment at the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, and was the first to discover the Confederate forces advancing on that notable morning, and ordered the firing of the first musketry in that engagement. As a result, his command was the only one in that engagement that left dead and wounded soldiers on the parapets. In this engagement, Colonel Wells lost all of his personal baggage, equipment, etc., but in the rally of the afternoon recaptured them, among which was his commission as colonel. It was found in the pocket of a prisoner, covered with mud and dirt, and it remains that way, hung in a frame at the colonel’s residence in Iowa. During the engagement of the afternoon, Col. Wells was wounded in the left hip, from which he endures much suffering. This regiment served mostly in the Eighth Army Corps in WV, in Col. Thoburn’s brigade and division. In the spring of 1864, the brigade [to] which the 15th WV was attached was transferred to the Army of the Potomac. On this march, Col. Wells caught cold in his wound, producing sciatica and great suffering, and April 16, 1864, he was honorably discharged because of this disability. This regiment served with distinction in the Army of the Potomac, in the 24th Corps, First Brigade, under the command of Brev. Maj.-Gen.Thomas M. Harris, formerly colonel of the 10th WV Infantry. The regiment mustered out of the service at Richmond, VA, June 14, 1865.

The Battle of Cool Springs (Snickers Ferry)–The Cool Spring House— The Cool Spring House was situated on the grounds of Cool Springs Farm, the site of General Jubal Early’s attempt to stop the union advance on his retreating army. Following the success of Early during the Lynchburg Campaign, he marched up the Shenandoah Valley to relieve Lee’s lines at Petersburg/Richmond. Early fought the Federals and won at Monacacy, MD and advanced toward Washington. Here Grant sent troops to confront Early. Faced against General Wright to the east and General Crook’s Army of WV rapidly advancing from Harpers Ferry, Early rapidly moved toward Snickers Gap and across the Shenandoah. Here he set up his lines to check the union advance across the river.

SERVICE–Organized at Wheeling, WV August-October 1862. Attached to Railroad Division, WV to January 1863. Sir John’s Run, Defences Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to March 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June 1863. Unattached, New Creek, WV Dept. of WV to August 1863. Campbell’s Brigade, Scammon’s Division, Dept. WV to December 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, WV to April1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, WV April 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, WV to July 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, WV to December 1864. 3rd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June 1865. After the Battle of Appomattox Court House, the 11th, 12th, and 15th West Virginia Infantry Regiments were disbanded. Most of the recruits and veteran volunteers in the three regiments were temporarily attached to the 10th West Virginia Infantry. The 15th West Virginia Infantry served mainly in the 8th Corps. In March 1865 the First Division of the Army of WV including the 10th, 11th, 12th and 15th WV Infantries became part of the 24th Army Corps and formed the Third Division of that corps, until some soldiers were mustered out. The division was commanded at the end of the war by Brevet Maj.Gen. John W. Turner. The 10th, 11th and 15th Regiments made up the First Brigade of that division, under the command of Brevet Maj.Gen. Thomas Maley Harris, formerly colonel of the 10th Regiment. They fought in the battle that resulted in the fall of Petersburg, High Bridge, and at Appomattox.

BATTLES–At New Creek Station October 18-December 22. 1862. Moved to Sir John’s Run December 22, and duty there guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad til June 16, 1863. Moved to New Creek June 16, thence to Cumberland, MD and to Hancock, MD July 4. To Fairview July 11 and to Williamsport, MD July 14. Operations against Lee til July 28. At Mechanicsburg Gap, near Romney, August 5-November 5 and at Alpine til April 1864. Bath March 19 Crook’s Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Cove Mountain or Grassy Lick, near Wytheville, May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Meadow Bluff May 19. Hunter’s Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Middlebrook and Brownsville June 10. Lexington June 11-12. Otter Creek, near Liberty, June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 18-July 1. Buford’s Gap June 20. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker’s Ferry or Gap July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown-Winchester July 23-24. Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 22. Skirmish at Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Camp Russell and in the Shenandoah Valley till December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, VA December 19-23. Duty in the trenches before Richmond, VA til March 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher’s Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice’s Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond, VA April 22-25. Duty near Richmond til June. Mustered out June 14, 1865.

LOSSES [Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]–Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 50 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 99 Enlisted men by disease. Total 153.

ROSTER OF 15TH WV VOLUNTEER INFANTRY [The adjutants were notoriously poor spellers and sometimes the soldiers couldn’t spell their own names (let alone write them).] Field and Staff:  Colonels: Maxwell McCaslin, Milton Wells.. Lt. Cols: Thomas Morris, John W. Holliday. Majors: Fenelon Howes. 1st Lt. Albert L. Wells, Then there was David H. Yant, David Jenkins, Philip H. Heermans. Surgeons: David L. Starr, Walter S. Welsh, Rob ert G. Dovener, James F. Howe, James J. Johnson. Chaplain – Gideon Martin. Qtrmstr Sgt. Henry Walter. Company E: – Most from Preston County– Captains: Washington M. Paul, Cornelius Gandy. Lieutenants: Alfred E. Fortney, James H. Jackson, Wm. F. Warther/Warthen. Sgts: Thomas B. Bryan, P.H. Hermans, Cyrus W. Hoard, John W. Howard, Nicholas C. Howard, John H. Matlick, Amos C. Scott. Corpls : Jas. Flanagan, Charles S. Fortney, Wm. C. Hawley, Thos. Herrington, Samuel P. Linton, Thos. H. McGee. Musicians: James A. Mountain. Pvts: Zacharia Ball, John W. Bennett, Jacob Boliner, John Boliner, John A. Bolyard, Ira Boone, Geo. S.Brafford, John W. Birtton, Lycurgus Brown, Geo. V. Bryan, Frederick G. Bush, Moses B. Bott, James L. Catle, Henry Combs, John E. Crites, John Cunningham, Geo. W. Deahl, Jonathan Dumire, John W. Ellis, James A. Ford, Clayton L. Gandy, John Goldbaugh, Louis F. Gladwell, Phillip Goff, David W. Gregg, Paul Grim, Frederick H. Halbritter, John W. Hamilton, John Hanway, George W. Huffman, Monroe Jackson, Wm. E. Jackson, Melker M. Jeffries, Benjamin F. Jenkins, Francis Jenkins, Ahab Knotts, Andrew J. Knotts, James H. Knotts, R obert A. Knotts, Adam Lantz, Ananias Lantz, David Lantz, Washington Lantz, Christian F. Lewis, Abraham R. Lipscomb, Wm. Loughridge, James W. Hankins, Samuel M. martin, Thos. B. Martin, Isaac A. Matlick, Marion McKinney, Joseph F. Michael, Edward Moore, Jas. S. Nestor, Christian Nine, John Nine, Wm. Nine, James Plum, Wm. G. Plum, Harvey Purcel, Eli Reedy, Sylvanus Ruby, George Runner, John Runner, Lewis Runner, Isaac W. Sandsberry, David H. Shaffer, James S. Sharpes, Thos. J. Shaw, Wm. F. Sigley, Alpheus S . Simpson, John R. Smedley, John Starr, Evans Stevens, John W. Stevenson, James H. Stewart, Sr., James H. Stewart, Jr., Oliver Trowbridge, Jr., Silas Walter, Wm. Walter, Francis H. Warthen, Jacob D. Weaver, Joseph H. Wheat, Francis Whitehair, Leonard Wile , George Williams, Wm. W. Wylie, and maybe A. F. Simpson.


Dyer, Frederick. Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.2 Vols. Dayton, OH: Morningside, 1979.
Egan, Michael. The Flying, Gray-Haired Yank: Or, the Adventures of a Volunteer, a Personal Narrative of Thrilling Experiences as an Army Courier, a Volunteer Captain, a Prisoner of War, a Fugitive from Southern Dungeons, a Guest Among the Contrabands and Unionists… Phila: Film Number M507 roll 10.

Hubbard Bros, 1888. Originally issued 1888, Michael Egan started his military service as a contractor and carried dispatches through guerilla-infested central West Virginia from Clarksburg to Gauley Bridge. He later became an officer in the 15th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry, USA, being captured and imprisoned, escaping twice. Reprinted in 1992 by the Gauley Mount Press, Leesburg, VA, 424 pp.>
Lang, Theodore F. Loyal West Virginia from 1861 to 1865. Baltimore: Deutsch, 1895.
Stalnaker, Joy Gilchrist.
U.S. Army Military History Institute>


James H and Mary Catherine had these children:

Martha Elizabeth Plum McGinnis
Lloyd S. Plum (1868 – 1954)
Cora Anngretta Plum Sigley (1871 – 1926)
Nora Laverna Plum Roe (1876 – 1929) (aka Vernee Plum, my great grandmother)
Flora Plum Moran (1879 – 1945)
Thomas E. Plum (1881 – 1945)

© Copyright 2015 Linda L Labin, PhD