Mullenax Lineage

2. JACOB MULLENAX (my great-grandfather) Birth 1842 22 Aug Ritchie County, VA/WV, USA. Residence 1850 — Age: 8 Western District, Ritchie, Virginia. Residence 1860 — Age: 18 Ritchie, Virginia. Military 1861 13 Aug — Age: 18 Cairo, Ritchie Co, West Virginia, USA–Private, 6th WV Infantry Union Army (Company D) Civil War. Residence 1863 — Age: 21 VA/WV, USA. Marriage to 2a.MARY ANN CUNNINGHAM 1865 23 Sep — Age: 23 Ritchie Co, WV, USA. Residence 1870 — Age: 28 Sherman, Putnam, Missouri, United States. Occupation 1870 — Age: 28 Unionville, Sherman Township, Putnam Co, MO, USA–Farmer w/$350 real estate; $300 personal estate. Residence 1880 — Age: 38 Grant, Ritchie, West Virginia, United States. Occupation 1880 — Age: 38 Grant, Ritchie, West Virginia, USA—Farmer. Death 1892 3 Feb — Age: 49 Washburn, Ritchie County, WV, USA Age: 49. Burial Indian Creek Baptist Cemetery, Washburn, Ritchie County, West Virginia, USA. Jacob Mullenax fought in the Civil War, married Mary Ann Cunningham, and then they moved to Missouri with Washington J Mullenax (‘Uncle Wash’) and his wife near their father Solomon Mullenax and his 2nd wife Susan Moats. By 1870, Jacob & Mary had moved back to WV. He died of turberculosis at 49. Parent: 3. SOLOMON MULLENAX 1810-1882. 3a.WINAFRED (WINNIE) LAMBERT 1812 – 1847. Children :

Charles William Mullenax 1866 – 1946
Harriet Louvenia Mullenax 1867 – 1955
John Abraham Mullenax 1871 –
Rosinia May Mullenax 1872 – 1951
James Allen Mullenax 1875 – 1947
Harlan Barnett Mullenax 1880 – 1954

3. SOLOMON MULLENAX (my 2nd ggf) Birth 1810 10 Jan Pendleton County, VA, USA. Residence 1810 Pendleton, Virginia, United States.  Residence 1830 — Age: 20 Pendleton, Virginia, United States. Marriage to 3a. WINAFRED (WINNIE) LAMBERT 1833 7 Mar — Age: 23. Pendleton, Virginia, USA. Residence 1840 1 Jun — Age: 30 Harrison, Virginia, United States. Marriage to Susan Moats 1847 aft — Age: 37 Pendleton County, VA, USA. 2nd marriage Susan Moats. Solomon Mullenax married his 2nd wife within months of the death of his 1st wife (probably because he had so many young children) and he and his brother began buying parcels of farm land in Missouri in the 1840s. He and his 2nd wife Susan Moats moved to Missouri after the outbreak of the Civil War and remained there. Residence 1850 — Age: 40 Western District, Ritchie, Virginia. Occupation 1850 — Age: 40 Ritchie County, VA/WV, USA—Farmer. Residence 1860 — Age: 50 Ritchie, Virginia. Residence 1860 — Age: 50 Breckenridge, Putnam, Missouri. Occupation 1860 — Age: 50 Ritchie County, VA/WV, USA–Farmer w/$600 in real estate, $400 personal estate. Residence 1880 — Age: 70 Sherman, Putnam, Missouri, United States. Death 1882 18 Jun — Age: 72 Mendota, Putnam County, MO. Buried in St. John Cemetery West, Putnam, MO. Parents 4. ABRAHAM MULLENAX 1786 – 1848. 4a. MARY HANNAH KILE 1786 – 1872. Children:

Washington J. Mullenax 1834 – 1920
Margaret A Mullenax 1837 –
Mary Catherine Mullenax 1839 – 1865
2. JACOB MULLENAX 1842 – 1892
Prascovia Mullenax 1846 – 1934

2nd Spouse & Children
Susan Moats 1809 – 1890
Julia Ann Mullenax 1851 –
Levi Mullinix 1853 –
Samuel R Mullenax 1856 –

Sometime after 1860, Solomon Mullenax, wife Susan Moats, and several of their children packed up and moved to the Putnam County area of Missouri.  All the children listed in the 1850 Pendleton (soon to be Ritchie) County census were Solomon’s and Winnafred Lambert’s, who had died in 1846-7. The three children Solomon had with Susan Moats (Julian, Levi, and Samuel L.) were born in Putnam Co, MO, but there are conflicting stories. Some of Solomon’s other relatives had moved to MO years before (e.g. brother Conrad/Coonrod Mullenax), and land records indicate that the Mullenax’s owned extensive land in MO both before and after the Civil War. In 1865, son Jacob Mullenax and his bride Mary Ann Cunningham, along with older brother Washington J., his wife and their children, and several other families moved to MO. While Solomon and other Mullenax’s remained in MO, Jacob and Mary Ann and Washington and his wife eventually returned to Ritchie Co, WV.

4. ABRAHAM MULLENAX (my 3rd great grandfather) Birth 1786 10 Dec Circleville, Pendleton Co, Virginia, USA. Marriage to 4a. MARY HANNAH KILE 1805 — Age: 19 Virginia, USA. Residence 1810 — Age: 24 Pendleton, Virginia, United States. Marriage to Nancy Kile (b. 1790) 1811 abt  — Age: 25 Dry Run, Pendleton Co, Virginia, USA. Residence 1820 — Age: 34 Pendleton, Virginia, United States. Residence 1830 — Age: 44 Pendleton, Virginia, United States. Residence 1840 — Age: 54 Pendleton, Virginia, United States. Death 1848 10 Sep Dry Run, Pendleton, Virginia, USA. Parents 5. JAMES MULLENAX 1761 – 1814. 5a. MARY ELIZABETH ARBOGAST 1765 – 1794.  Children:

James T or W Mullenax 1806 – 1858
Conrad Mullenax 1807 – 1877
Salathial Mullenax 1808 – 1850
3. SOLOMON MULLENAX 1810 – 1882
Mary Mullenax 1822 – 1861
Abraham Mullinix 1825 –
Jacob Mullenax 1827 – 1852

Page 393 of ‘History of Highland County,‘ “Tithables in 1822, for the portion of Highland then a part of Pendleton…Mullenax, Abraham–George–Jacob–Samuel–William….” (tithables were white men over 21 who owned land and were subject to tithes or taxes). According to the Highland Co. Virginia VaGen Web Page, based on The History of Highland County by Oren F. Morton in 1922, Abraham Mullenax married Hannah Kile.  Accounts Admin:  Frederick County Maryland, Probate Administration Accounts Final account Adam KILE deceased John KILE executor. The support of two small children for 1 year. 24 Jan 1786. 207. Final account Elizabeth KILE deceased John KILE executor. 1/3 part movable estate of Adam KILE willed to deceased 26 Jun 1786.

1823 LAND BOOK FOR PENDLETON COUNTY, VA— in the Pendleton County Courthouse, Franklin, WV. The original order of entries is in the first column. The second column lists the District (i.e. U=upper and L=lower), followed by Last Name, First Name, Acreage, Location of the parcel, Direction (i.e. distance from the courthouse).
1633         Upper    MULLENAX    ABRAHAM         70           DRY RUN         16 W

1634         Upper    MULLENAX    ABRAHAM         42          DRY RUN          16 W FROM CANNELL

1810 Census Pendleton County, VA Columns are headed: 1. Free white males 0-9 years of age 2. Free white males 10 -15 years of age 3. Free white males 16 -25 years of age including heads of families 4. Free white males 26 -44 years of age including heads of families 5. Free white males 45 years and older.including heads of families 6. Free white females 0-9 years of age 7. Free white females 10 -15 years of age 8. Free white females 16 -25 years of age including heads of families 9. Free white females 26 -44 years of age including heads of families. A. Free white females 45 years and older, including heads of families. B. All other free persons except Indians not taxed. C. Slaves.

Mullinax, Abraham  4  0  1  0  0  0  0  1  1  0 0==4 free white males 0-9 years; 1 free white male 16-25; 1 free white female 16-25; 1 free white female 26-44; no others. According to this census, Abraham and his wife are about 24 years old and they have 4 sons under 9 years old and a female aged 26-44 lives with them (a sister?). They have no slaves.

1830 FEDERAL CENSUS FOR PENDLETON COUNTY, VA.WESTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA, FIFTH CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES, FRANKLIN or the Court House Town of Pendleton County JOHN BIRD, Marshall, Census Taker.  Abbreviations: SB=South Branch; NF= North Fork; SF=South Fork; CB=Crab Bottom; CP=Cow Pasture; BP=Bull Pasture; JR=Jackson’s River; WM=Wagon Maker. Age classes: under 5-10; 10-15; 15-20; 20-30; 30-40; 40-50; 50-60; 60-70; 70-80; 80-90; 90-100; 100+.

Mullinax, Abraham  M 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0==1 male under 5; 1 male 10-15; 1 male 15-20; 1 male 20-30; 1 male 40-50; no others. F 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0==1 female 5-10; 1 female 10-15; 1 female 15-20; 1 female 40-50; no others.  In the 1830 census, Abraham and his wife are 40-50 years of age, and they have a son and a daughter under 5 years old; sons 10-15; 15-20; and 20-30; and daughters 5-10; 10-15; and 15-20, so a total of 8 children living with them and no one else. As in 1810, the Mullenax’s do NOT own slaves. They did own, from 1823, 112 acres of land at Dry Run, Upper District. Abraham was a farmer.

1823 LAND BOOK FOR PENDLETON COUNTY, VA— Franklin, WV. The original order of entries in the Land Book is recorded in the first column. The second column lists the District (i.e. U=upper and L=lower), followed by Last Name, First Name, Acreage, Location of the parcel, Direction (i.e. distance from the courthouse).

1585         Upper   MULLENAX    JAMES         Est 20      Crabbottom      20 SW

1586         Upper   MULLENAX     JAMES        Est 58      Crabbotttom     20 SW

So James T or W Mullenax acquired about 78 acres of land in the Upper District of Crabbottom. He has less land than his father Abraham, but is younger and has less money at this time.

5. JAMES MULLENAX (my 4th ggf) Birth 1761 Augusta, Virginia, USA. Military 1779 — Age: 18 Yorktown, Prince William, Virginia, USA–Capt. Hull’s Cavalry, Yorktown Campaign, Rev War. Marriage to 5a. MARY ELIZABETH ARBOGAST 1785 10 Apr — Age: 24 Augusta, Virginia, USA.
Marriage to Maria Eva Yeager 1795 — Age: 34 Augusta, Virginia, USA. Military 1812 -1814 — Age: 51 VA 19th Infantry Regiment War of 1812. Death 1814 6 Sep — Age: 53 Circleville, Pendleton, Virginia, USA. James Mullenax fought in the Revolutionary War and also in the War of 1812 and died during his service against the British and their Indian allies. His heirs were awarded his bounty land for the War of 1812.

Many veterans of the Revolutionary War were awarded bounty in the form of money or land for their selfless, often unpaid, service to the fledgling United States of America. Some who were wounded also received government pensions which were cancelled by later congresses. Veterans of the War of 1812 or their heirs were awarded land grants for their service. This practice kept the treasury free from monetary drain while it also enabled the growth of our new country. Pioneers awarded ‘free’ land for military service civilized the western frontier (which included western Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri) by clearing the land, building homes, establishing farms and moving families and law into these areas. Those who did not wish to leave the eastern towns could, instead, sell their bounty land (sight unseen) to other settlers or new immigrants.

Parents: 6. JOHN MULLENAX 1730 – 1815. 6a. JANE JENNETT 1739 – 1800 (or RACHAEL JANE POWELL (1734-1787)). Children:

4. ABRAHAM MULLENAX 1786 – 1848
William Henry Mullenax 1787 – 1848
Jacob Mullinex 1788 – 1846
Rachael Mullenax 1789 –
George Mullenax 1793 – 1831

2nd Spouse Maria Eva Yeager 1778 – 1836. Children: Samuel Mullenax 1795 – 1833; John Mullenax 1796 – 1825; Joseph Mullenax 1795 – 1864.

Roster of Captain Peter Hull’s Company of Cavalry of Virginia in the Revolutionary War in the Yorktown Campaign, lists James (under 18) and John Mullenax, as well as David, Adam, John, and Michael Arbogast. According to Marriages of Pendleton County, Virginia, 1788-1853, rev. Jackie Puffenberger, Pendleton County Historicial Society, Inc. Franklin, WV, 1992-1993, page 41, James Mullenex married Mary Arbogast in 1785 (also cited by Morton). According to A History of Pendleton County, West Virginia by Oren F. Morton, 1910, page 390, James Mullenax was listed as a “tithable” member of the county in 1790, meaning that he was over 16 years of age and owned property. Morton lists a James Mullenax on  the Pendleton Militia Muster Rolls on Sept. 6, 1794. He was in Captain William Janes’ Company (p. 399).  James Mullenax served in the Revolutionary War, in Captain Hull’s Company, Second Battalion of the Augusta Militia. (Sources:  Joe Harris, MARRIAGE:Highland County Virginia VaGen Web Page,, The History of Highland County by Oren F. Morton in 1922 Family History Library Title: LDS records (AF) .<

According to the Land Location Record of Pendleton County, Virginia, 1788-1861, James Mullenax owned two parcels of land. On April 2, 1792, he acquired 10 acres of land on Crabbottom Valley, Virginia, between the Bowmans and the Waggoners, Warrant No. 12442. On July 3, 1794, he acquired an additional 85 acres of land between his own in Crabbottom between the Gums and Christian Waggoner, Warrant No. 1814.

James Mullenax appears on the Tax Lists of Pendleton County, Virginia, 1810-1816. James is taxed for 2 tithes, one for himself and the other for his son, Jacob Mullenax, who appeared on the tax list in the next year, 1811, for the first time. In 1812 and 1813, James Mullenax paid for two white males. He was paying for his son, Joseph, whose name first appears on the tax list in 1814. James Mullenax did not appear on the 1814 tax list, as that was the year in which he died. His wife, Mary Mullenax, appeared on the tax list in 1814 and claimed the same number of horses, the four horses which her husband James had claimed while he lived.

1810 Census Pendleton County, VA –Columns are headed as follows:  1. Free white males 0-9 years of age 2. Free white males 10 -15 years of age 3. Free white males 16 -25 years of age including heads of families 4. Free white males 26 -44 years of age including heads of families 5. Free white males 45 years and older including heads of families 6. Free white females 0-9 years of age 7. Free white females 10 -15 years of age 8. Free white females 16 -25 years of age including heads of families 9. Free white females 26-44 years of age including heads of families A. Free white females 45 years and older including heads of families B. All other free persons except Indians not taxed. C. Slaves.

Mullinax, James  1  1  1  1  0  0  0  1  1  0  0==1 free white male 0-9 years; 1 free white male 10-15; 1 free white male 16-25; 1 free white male 26-44; 1 free white female 16-25; 1 free white female 26-44; no others. The male 26-44 is probably James; female 26-44 is probably Mary Yeager, since Mary Arbogast died in 1794-5, and they have a son 10-15, the 16-25-year-old male is probably a brother, as is the 26-44-year old female. They had no slaves.

James Mullenax served during the War of 1812 under the command of Captain Jesse Hinkle from the 46th regiment at Fort Nelson at Norfolk attached to the 5th Regiment commanded by Lt. Col. John Hopkins then by Lt. Col. W. Street and later by Lt. Col. Isaac Boothe, July 21, 1814. Three sons of James Mullenax also appeared on the list of this regiment: Jacob Mullenax, Joseph Mullenax, and William Mullenax. With about 95 acres of farm land, James would have been considered successful and even wealthy. His estate was appraised and sold at auction; his estate was impressive, taking five pages to list the proceeds.

When James Mullenax died during service in the War of 1812, his bounty land warrant was issued to his heirs, including brother John and mother Rachel. The list of his personal belongings sold at auction after his death indicates that he was also an educated man. In September, 1814, there was a public sale of the property of James Mullenax. A list of the items sold was recorded on September 6, 1814. Son Joseph Mullenax was at this sale and bought several articles, including: One musket, one grindstone, a plow, a bell, a pair of boots, four books, a pair of compasses, a black mare, a bridle, and a hat with sanghees. His four brothers were also at this sale (William, Abraham, Jacob, and George). Joseph was about nineteen at this time and no doubt thinking of going into farming himself after he was discharged from the army.

All of the oldest children were born prior to 1795, and thus belonged to Mary Arbogast: Abraham, Rachel, Jacob, William, and Joseph. Joseph married his cousin, Catherine Arbogast, a daughter of Michael Arbogast Jr. Only the youngest son, George (b.1796) was born to Mary Yeager. After James Mullenax’s death, Mary (Yeager) Mullenax married Henry Simmons, who was a slave owner. At Henry Simmons’ death, some of the slaves were left to his widow, Mary. At Mary’s death, George contested his Simmons step-siblings’ claim to the slave portion of her estate. In the course of this, George seemed to claim that he was the sole heir [biologically] of his mother, and therefore was the only person entitled to her estate. The case was appealed, and at length, George lost his claim, apparently due to the fact that the slaves had originally belonged to Henry Simmons.

6. JOHN MULLENAX (my 5th great grandfather) Birth 1730 Goochland, Virginia, USA. Marriage to 6a.RACHAEL JANE POWELL 1755 — Age: 25 Virginia, USA. Marriage to Jane Jeanette/Jennett 1762 — Age: 32 Pendleton, Virginia, USA. Marriage to Mary Mongold 1800 — Age: 70 Goochland or Pendleton, VA, USA–Disinherited in John Mullenax’s will. Death 1815 May — Age: 85 Pendleton, Virginia, USA. First Mullenax to be born, to live, and to die in VA, USA. John Mollinix was father-in-law of George Cutlip. John’s daughter, Mary Mollinex, married George Cutlip on 04 Nov 1785 in Greenbrier Co., (W)VA with John McCue officiating.

Parents 7. JOHN MULLENAX 1705 – 1745. 7a. MARY ALICE MILLIGAN 1709 – 1745. Child of Unknown Spouse: Archibald Mullenax 1756 – 1820. Spouse RACHAEL JANE POWELL 1734 – 1787. Children:

Jane Mullenax 1758 – 1810
5.JAMES MULLENAX 1761 – 1814
Mary Mullenax or Mullenix 1762 – 1820
Rachael Mullenax 1765 – 1815
John E Mullenax 1769 – 1780
Samuel Mullenax 1770 – 1833

Spouse & Children Jane Jeanette/Jennett 1739 – 1800:

Mary Mullenax? 1762 – 1820
John Mullenax? 1769 – 1780
Samuel Mullenax? 1771 – 1833

Spouse Mary Mongold 1740 – .

According to the Highland Co. Virginia VaGen Web Page at, John Mullenax is first mentioned in what is now Highland Co. in 1781, and settled in the lower Crabbottom Valley and the village, and his descendants are still found in the area, as well as in the Allegheny Shenandoah family. He is classified as one of the pioneer settlers of the county. John Mullenax had 110 acres along Crabbottom surveyed in 1781 adjacent to the Arbogasts, and received a patent in 1784. A patent means he was the first owner of the property, and received it from the British crown; other governments usually use the term grant.   In 1785, he had 196 acres surveyed on Jackson’s River, adjacent to Roby and Dinwiddie.

Land Holdings in Highland County around the time of the Revolution–The surveys and patents dating from before 1790 from the records of the Surveyor’s office of Augusta and in the Land Office of Virginia, listing the name of the person for whom the tract was surveyed or patented, the number of acres, the year of the survey or grant, and a description of its location. Unless this is followed by a capital P (for patent), the tract is a survey. Otherwise, it is a patent granted in the same year. In the following list, “adj. himself” refers to a tract surveyed or patented by the person at an earlier date.

Mullenax, John:  (1) 110-1781-Crabbottom, adj. Arbogast-P. 1784 (2) 196-1785-Jackson’s River, adj. Roby and Dinwiddie.

The website also lists James as serving in the Revolution, in Capt. Hull’s Co., and under 18 yrs. and father John Mullenax. Manakintown was known for French Huguenot population. Muster Roll, Captain Hull’s Company, Second Battalion, Augusta Militia, 1779: –Peter Hull–Captain—Nicholas Seybert–First Lieutenant—Henry Fleisher–Second Lieutenant—Jacob Hoover–Ensign—Mullenax, John; Mullenax, James (under 18).

Name                                        Father                             Mother                                 Birth Date
Mullenax, John                     Mullinix , John              Jennett , Jane                      1769    [10 years old when father John was in Augusta]
Mullenax, Samuel                Mullinix , John               Jennett , Jane                      1771     [ 8 years old  ” ” ” ” ”  “]
Mullinix, James               Mullinix , John          Jennett , Jane                 1765     [14 years old when he & father John were in Augusta]         Mullinix, James                Mullinix , John         Jennett , Jane                 1765     [“] (Mable “Biggs” Taylor: James Mulanax Descendants)

CHRONICLES OF THE Scotch-Irish Settlement IN VIRGINIA EXTRACTED FROM THE ORIGINAL COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745-1800–WILL BOOK NO. VII.–ADDITIONAL MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.–page 195–Page 388.–19th July, 1791. Recorded John Bourland’s appraisement by same as above. Page 388.–Dr. estate of John Hind in account with William Hind, administrator–1788, paid Archibald Hopkins as per son Ephraim; 1788, paid Daniel Kidd, bond given in 1772 as per Dutchman’s receipt.  Page 402.–Appraisement of Barnet Lance’s estate by Peter Hull, Jno. Gum, Sr.; Michael Armengash [this was probably Michael Arbogast].  Recorded, 20th September, 1791. Page 403.–Account of sales of above to, viz: George and Peter Hull, Thomas Galford, Thomas Mullenax, John Mullinax, John Gum, Sr.; Martin Life. A neighbor’s will lists John Mullenax (Mullinex) as being the original owner of the land of Augustine Baxter:

Page 43.–“In the name of God, Amen. I, AUGUSTINE BAXTER, of the Borrough Town of Westchester, yeoman, being sick. I leave to my wife Sarah all that my dwelling house and lot of ground, of about 3 acres, which I bought of John Mullinex, lying on Throgg’s Neck, adjoining to the land of Joshua Hunt and the assigns of Henry Barmore, and she is to maintain and bring up my son, George Baxter, until he is 14 years old, And she “is also to maintain and bring up the child wherewith she is now pregnant until it is 14 years of age.” My executors are to pay her L12  a year during that time. She is also to have 1 Trundle bed and bedstead, and one other bed and furniture which she shall choose. My executors are to sell all the rest of my movable estate, all debts to be paid, and the remainder used to maintain my other children, viz., Thomas, James, Frederick, and Augustine, until they are 14, at which age they are to be bound out to trades until of age. My executors are to rent all the rest of my real estate “for the best rent they can get” until my eldest son Thomas is of age, and the rent to be applied toward maintaining my children and to pay L12 yearly to my wife. When any of my children come of age the executors are to sell real estate, and from the proceeds they are to pay to my reputed daughter Elizabeth L12 when she is 21, and they are to maintain her till she is 14 years old, and then bind her till she is of age. I leave to my eldest son Thomas L5, and the rest to all my children. I make my friend, Daniel Quimby, and my cousin, Augustine Drake, executors. Dated March 24, 1760. Witnesses, John Bartow, James Ferris, James Lewis, Miles Oakley. Proved, April 5, 1760.”

It is extremely odd that a man would say “reputed daughter” in his will, suggesting either that she was the child of someone other than his wife (!?) or that, if she was his wife’s child, he questioned whether he was the father! Of course, he may have been aware of details to which we’re not privy.

John Mullenax had enough money to afford an attorney to make a will for him and his three marriages yielded 7 children, all of whom he disinherited except his youngest son Samuel, to whom he bequeathed all his land; personal belongings were to be divided among son James’ children who had been orphaned when James died during the War of 1812. He bequeathed one English shilling each to children Jane, John, Archibald, and Mary. Whether this was to disinherit them but prevent their suing his estate or simply to give them a small remembrance is unclear. Perhaps these four children were prosperous enough and so he provided only for his 30-year-old son.

In any case, he clearly and deliberately disinherited his wife Mary Mongold by saying that she ‘shall have nothing more than she has got.’ So it would seem that John and 3rd wife Mary Mongold were at odds, as this statement implies that she may have been a golddigger after his money. Also of note is that his possessions are not listed, so we have no idea how much of a fortune his land represented. And, finally, we see that, like so many of his neighbors, John Mullenax was illiterate, signing his will with an X and affixing a seal (landowners, especially wealthy ones, would use an official wax seal which represented their identity to verify their ‘signature’ on important documents).

From the Pendleton County, WV Will Book 3, p. 307: 1809 Will of John Mollinix (aka John Mullenax)— Pendleton County, VA Court Term 1815. At a court held for Pendleton County the 9th day of June 1815, this last will and testament of John Mullinax deceased was presented in court and proved by the oaths of Jacob Gall and Thomas Roby, Sr. two of the witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded. Will of John Mollinix (aka John Mullenax)— Pendleton County, VA Court Term 1815. At a court held for Pendleton County the 9th day of June 1815, this last will and testament of John Mullinax deceased was presented in court and proved by the oaths of Jacob Gall and Thomas Roby, Sr. two of the witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.

“In the name of God, amen I John Mullinnix of the County of Pendleton and State of Virginia being frail in body but of sound and perfect mind and memory, blessed by almighty God for the same, do make and publish my last will and testament in manner and form Following to Wit first I desire that all just debts shall be paid. I desire that my wife Mary [Mongold] Mullinix shall have nothing more than she has got. Item I leave and bequeath to my daughter Jane Cartright one english Shilling and no more also to my son James Mullenix one english shilling and no more to my son Archibald one english shilling and no more also to my daughter Mary Cullip one english shilling and no more. Item I leave and bequeath to my son Samuel Mullenix all my land at my decease to be at his own disposal for him and his heirs forever also all my personal estate not otherwise disposed of to be generally divided among my son James Mullinex children. I also nominate and appoint Stuart Slaven and Samuel Mullinix my Executors of this my last will & testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made in witness whereof, I hereby acknowledge this to be my last will & testament. Signed sealed in presence of us this 3rd day of June 1809 who at his request and at his presence have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses to the same. -Jacob Gall } his Zachariah Barnard } John X Mollinix (seal) Thomas Roby Senior }mark.”

[Speculation: Where the Mullenax’s came from is unknown; however, there are some family traditions. The most common one is of five brothers who came from Canada, settling along the east coast. Another story suggests that they fled from Ireland, while yet another claims France as their homeland. Family genealogists found a Molyneux family that settled in Nova Scotia. The History of the Molyneux Families by Nellie Rice Molyneux includes the lineage of a Robert Molyneux (pronounced Mullen-nuh or Mullen-no) family. They were French Huguenots who fled to Ireland, around 1685. Robert Molyneux left Ireland, taking his family to Prince Edward’s Island in Nova Scotia. His children were supposed to have been Robert, Jr., Michael, William, James, Edward, John, Thomas, Jannette, and Sara; all born about 1665-1690. Only Robert, Jr.’s line is carried forward. Since Robert Jr.’s brothers are not carried forward, they must have left the region. This would have five or six brothers traveling south along the east coast of North America. The children of Robert Jr. are known to have moved to New England. This Molyneux family would explain each of our family traditions. The John Mullenax that died in Goochland County, Virginia might be the same John Molyneux who was the son of Robert Sr. of Nova Scotia. Mullenaxes came to Highland and Pendleton counties Virginia in the early 1700″s. They settled on the North Fork and the South Branch of the Potomac River. John Mullenax and his wife came to the lower Crabbottom Valley, and purchased 110 Acres on Jackson’s River.]

7. JOHN MULLENAX (my 6th great grandfather) Birth 1700 or 1705 in Dublin, Mayo, Ireland or Goochland, VA, USA. Marriage 1718 1 May Christ Church, Virginia (or was it in Ireland?). Arrival 1721 Virginia. Death 1745 Manakintown, Goochland Co, Virginia, USA. If he was born in Ireland, he was the 1st Mullenax immigrant to the US. Parents: 8. ROBERT MOLYNEUX 1640 – 1700. 8a. FRANCES LATHOM 1647 – 1700. Spouse 7a. MARY ALICE MILLIGAN 1709 – 1745. Children:

JOHN MULLENAX 1730 – 1815
William Mullenax 1735 – 1780
Mary Mullenax 1740 –

John Mullenix (aka John Molyneux/Mullenax/Mullinex/Mullenix, Sr.) & wife Mary came to America from Northern Ireland prior to 1721.  They had at least 3 children, Wm (William), John & Mary Mullenix. William is also known as John or William John. One source claims that sons John and James are documented as having served in the American Revolution, but these were probably John, Sr.’s grandsons. On 29 January 1745, (when John died) the inventory of his estate was recorded in Goochland Co., VA. As it indicated that he had a large number of jugs,  he may have been a brewer. Some sources claim that John and Mary were with the French Huguenots who settled near Manakintown, Goochland, VA, but conclusive proof of this is lacking.

Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900sJohn Mullenax Year:  1721 Place:   Virginia.  Source Publication Code:   6223. Primary Immigrant:   Mullenax, John.  Abstracts of Virginia Land Office patent books 9 through 14, covering the early decades of the eighteenth century. Includes numerous references to land patented by “French refugees,” the Protestants (Huguenots) who fled France after Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

Inventory of Estate 29 Jan 1744/1745 , Goochland, Virginia, USA Will: 29 Jan 1745 , Goochland, Virginia, USA. Marriage 1 Mary b: ABT 1715 in Northern Ireland. Married: ABT 1728 in Northern Ireland. According to family tradition, emigration was BEF 1730 in Northern Ireland, Goochland, Virginia, USA. Although some sources suggest that the Mullenax’s were French Huguenots fleeing persecution by the French Catholic Church and the English Catholic monarch of the 18th century, other sources suggest that the Mullenax’s (Molyneux’s) had been sent from England to Ireland during the previous century, when the English monarch thought that the Protestants of Scotland and England could get control over the Irish Catholics (by theft of Irish lands “awarded” to or sold to the “outsiders”). It may be that the Mullenax’s, like the Cunninghams, sailed to the New World to escape the violence and constant warring attending this “domestic invasion.” It is also entirely possible that they sought freedom of religion and freedom from political persecution/prosecution when a change in monarchs put them on the “wrong” side.

8. ROBERT MOLYNEUX (my 7th great grandfather) Birth 1640 in Dublin, County Mayo, Ireland. Baptism 1640 10 Jun Saint Michan, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Marriage to 8a. FRANCES LATHOM 1664 — Age: 24. Death 1700 aft — Age: 60 IRE. The last of the Molyneux’s/Mullenax’s to live and die in Ireland. Parents: 9.ROBERT MOLYNEUX 1600 – 1643. 9a. CECILY POOLEY 1580 – 1607. Children:

Robert Molyneux Jr. 1668 – 1728
William Molyneux 1669 – 1743
JOHN MULLENAX 1705 – 1745

© Copyright 2015 Linda L Labin, PhD

 Jacob Mullenax: Civil War Veteran

My great-grandfather on my mother’s side, Jacob Mullenax, was born in 1842 in Ritchie County VA (later WV) and died 3 Feb 1892 in Washburn, Ritchie County, WV. His wife (my ggm) was Mary Ann Cunningham (b. 21 March 1842 in Indian Creek, Harrison County, VA; d. 4 Jan 1929 in Girton, Ritchie County, WV. A farmer like his father, Jacob served as a Private in 6th Regiment, Co. D of the WV Volunteer Infantry (Union) during the Civil War. His enlistment papers describe him as being 6 ft. tall (extremely tall for those days), with dark hair, a light complexion and hazel eyes. He signed with an ‘X,’ showing he was illiterate (like most of his compatriots).  At some point, however, Jacob did learn to read and write, as evidenced when he applied for a disability pension just prior to his death, writing his story in his own hand and signing his name. In the WV Infantry, Jacob fought in some skirmishes, but never saw a real battle. While guarding ammunition at the Cairo Block House and protecting the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from attacks by Confederates seeking to disrupt the flow of goods and supplies to the Union Army, Jacob was quite ill with the measles and the mumps (very serious for an adult) and it is believed that he here was also exposed to tuberculosis (called ‘consumption’ in those days), a then-incurable illness that would sap his strength and cause an early death.

After the Civil War (a week after their wedding), he and new wife Mary Ann Cunningham and his brother Washington J. (my grandfather called him “Uncle Wash”) and his wife and another couple moved to the St. John and Lucerne area of Putnam Co, MO. His father Solomon and his 2nd wife Susan Moats had moved to MO before the Civil War, and had three young children. Many families like ours went west after the Civil War either to escape the outbreak of Yellow Fever and other fatal diseases or to pursue their fortunes with the ‘free’ land given to Union veterans. Missouri had been a slave state and politicians encouraged Yankee settlers to stem the tide of violence that continued in MO and other western states after the south lost.

Jacob and Mary Ann may have traveled between MO and WV for several years before finally settling down again in WV. After his death, his widow Mary Ann was awarded a widow’s pension for his service in the Civil War, raising my grandfather Melvin Robert (the baby) and his brothers James and Harley alone on just $6 a month from Jacob’s government pension. In her claim, she indicated that she had no means of making a living, owning a cow and calf and a pig but no land. A comic element appears in a note verifying my grandfather Melvin’s birth in which the nurse who attended his mother says that she remembers the day of his birth very well because it was the same day her husband was indicted and ‘left home’! By the time of her death in 1929, my ggm’s pension had been increased to a whopping $40 a month.

© Copyright 2015 Linda L Labin, PhD